There are numerous different hinges available on the market today. The most popular used in the production of furniture especially fitted wardrobes is pothole hinges. Although there are many different designs, boasting hundreds of different features: like opening angles, clip-ons to allow for better access, slow or silent closing. All of these hinges fall into three main categories, these being decided by placement of the door on the side panel once closed
The three main categories for pothole hinges are:
The full overlay, better known as a 0mm Cranking
The half overlay, better know as a 9.5mm Cranking
And the inset, better known as the 16mm Cranking
Each of these are purpose made, with and the design and finish of one’s wardrobes or closets having a direct input with regards to which is used.
The Full Overlay
This hinge is used when the design on the wardrobe requires the door to cover most if not the entire visible side panel end when viewed from the front. It is a simple hinge to install that is available in a screw and clip-on. It is also available with flash fast or soft closing capabilities it has no crank leaver. The latest development is the Intermat-Fix that enables toolless cup assembly. Suitable for use with System 32.
The Half Overlay
This hinge is the most popular and diversely available hinge on the market to date. It is also the most used. The door in a closed position will be positioned mid way over the side panel, most often used when two doors open back to back. The hinge crank reduces the overlay. Available with all the features of the full overlay it has on more that directly impacts its popularity. It allows for greater opening angles. These ate often found in corner wardrobes. Also suitable for System 32.
This hinge it the easiest to identify when used. Doors fitted with this hinge close flush with the side panel, allowing for the entire width of the side panel to be seen when viewed from the front.
The most important consideration with regards to hinges after deciding which feature one requires, knows just how many hinges a door requires. The actual weight of the door is the deciding factor here. Too few will result in the door casing them to bend or tear out of the side panels, too many is a waste of money here is a quick guide with regards to how many hinges one would require per door. These calculations are done using 19mm board with doors measuring 600mm in width. Using standard chipboard weighing 750kg/m3.
Number of hinges required per door:
Doors measuring up to 900 mm X 600mm, 2 hinges
Doors measuring up to 1600 mm X 600mm, 3 hinges
Doors measuring up to 2000 mm X 600mm, 4 hinges
Doors measuring up to 2400mmX600mm 5 hinges
Using these guidelines you will always select the right hinge for your door, and by using the correct number of hinges will get years of problem free service from your cupboards.